If you decide to plant a rose garden, it’s possible to mix any number of roses in with a shrub border, it’s far easier to be lavish with that attention if they are segregated in a small bed. 10 to 12 rose bushes will make a magnificent display, provide plenty of flowers for cutting, and require a bed only 8 feet by 12 feet or so. Any shape of bed will do, but generations of gardeners have favored the formal look of square, rectangular, or round beds, edged with stone or brick, often with a birdbath or sundial placed in the center for a little added interest.
When choosing roses, it’s helpful to know some of the terminology and uses:
Shrub or landscape roses. These can be tall or kept trimmed. They can be treated like a hedge and bloom from spring through fall. Their foliage fills in. They are spaced 24 to 36 inches apart in our climate.
These roses have changed the way many people view roses. Landscape roses, especially when compared with traditional varieties, are impressive for many reasons: their natural disease-resistance, their willingness to grow in a variety of climates with a minimum of attention from the gardener, their compact growth habit (very little pruning required), not to mention the great beauty of their flowers, which are borne consistently over a very long season.
Tree roses. These elegant roses grow in a cluster at the top of a stake. Miniatures grow 18 inches high; patio varieties 24 inches; and full tree roses 36 inches high. Tall ones can frame a doorway or line a walk. Smaller varieties can be grown in containers on the patio or porch.
Climbers. Climbing roses can form dramatic cascades grown over an arched trellis or trained over a fence, pillar, or post. They are sometimes used to create a privacy wall.
If you want maximum return on your bed of roses, four important requirements should be taken into consideration: (1) selection of the rose varieties, (2) location of the planting bed, (3) soil preparation, and (4) consistent care.
Roses require a location that’s sunny at least six hours a day. Ideally, the location should provide good air circulation and receive morning sun to help dry off leaves early in the day. Too much shade encourages disease problems. If the shade is produced by mature trees, their extensive root systems will rob nutrients from the roses, a situation that results in few flowers and weak plants.
Once you have outlined the shape of the rose bed, it’s time to improve the soil–before planting the roses.
Standard care includes watering, fertilizing, protecting against pests and diseases, and pruning. Roses need regular applications of water for top production of flowers. It makes no difference whether the water comes from a hose or from rain.
At least two applications of fertilizer should be made, once when new growth first starts in the spring and again in midseason.Slow releasing fertilisers are better choice.
Usually earlly spring times like march –april insects start to occur.Especially the green flies can not be seen easily as the new buds are green too.So you need to be carefull in spring time and make a closer look to your roses.Usually spraying with an insectising kills the flies in 1 time.If the problem continues try using another brand for the 2nd spraying.