Sidyma

23rd, 2012
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Sidyma is near the village of Dodurga, 500 metres above the sea level on the side of the Cragus Mountain. It is not easy to get to. Six kilometres to the south of Eşen on the Fethiye-Xanthos road there is a turn. Take the road and keep going for another six kilometres. After that you have to climb up a steep stabilized path, taking up to an hour. Sidyma gets its name as a result of its history, an evolution from the similar names of other ancient cities as Idyma, Didyma and Loryma. The finds from the site show that the first settlement in this area was in the Early Archaic period. The first written inscriptions found in the area were dated to the 1st century BC. The majority of the remains and all the inscriptions found here come from the Roman period. However, it is thought that a coin believed to be from Sidyma was minted in the 2nd century BC. When you visit Sidyma, you see the first signs of the old city on the path up, these being many tombs carved into the left rock face of the ravines. Although these have a resemblance to the ones in Pınara they are of a more simple design and fewer in number.
Once you are up the top the remains of the ancient city of Sidyma lie spread out before your eyes. Right at the end of the path to the left there is the remains of a small monumental tomb. Though only the basis of the tomb survives, there being no burial chamber, it is still significant as it shows that Sidyma existed in the Classical era. Right next to it there are seven more monumental tombs. Some of these, instead of being in the Lycian style, are topped with three cornered stone lids.

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