Visiting the city

23rd, 2012
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After you leave your car in the parking area, a tour of city can easily be carried out as follows. To the south west of the security booth, facing the south of the Çınarlı Stream bed are numerous Lycian type tombs. The largest and the most important of all is the one that depicts a city in the relief. This must have been the tomb of a king and in the details of the tomb there is the Hellenistic element of making use of sculpture mixed with the reliefs as well. The most impressive of these is the Gorgons on the reinforcing beams of the eaves. Once you pass under the roof of the structure on the both sides you see views of cities. These show the Lycian cities, the walls, the columned tombs, house tombs, in the background marked by surrounding walls of the palace sitting on high grounds, and houses and figures in empty spaces.
The path to the site known as the King Tombs allows gorgeous views. From the street you see buildings on the left and right and go through pine trees and column erected heading to a paved courtyard. This structure, although you cannot see it from the site as the stones are pilled up one atop the other, has heart shaped columns at the corners. A stone relief of a phallic symbol was found here, giving rise to the belief that the structure may have been dedicated to Aphrodite.
The tomb to the north of the lower village has a picture of a bull’s horns and is seen as being a unique work.
The theatre and the odeon, just out of the city have survived almost intact. However, the heavy vegetation in the area might make the trip to those sites a bit difficult.
The tombs located on the high hills to the west are known as the “doves’ nest”. These are believed to be the oldest of the Lycian tombs, without the knowledge about the working method of the workers of how they have built these up to the rocky slopes.
After Eşen on the Fethiye-Kaş road you take the asphalted road to Bozoluk and get to Letoon. The ancient city of Letoon in fact is a religious site, four kilometres as the crow flies to the ancient city of Xanthos. The Temple of Leto, commemorated to the mother of Artemis and Apollon, was an important religious centre for Lycia. Leto was an Anatolian mother goddess that was Hellenised, with the existing temple being dated to around 300 BC. All of the details of the Ionic style of the temple have remained intact. The small 4th century BC temple to the east of the one dedicated to mother Leto is plainer than the other two and not surrounded by columns. The Hellenistic temple to the east is surrounded with columns and is in the Doric style. The mosaic depicting Artemis with a bow and an arrow and Apollon with his lyre shows the twins of the Goddess Leto. The inscription in the Aramaic, Hellenic and Lycian languages, as well as listing the historical events in the region, also contributed to scholars to decipher the local language. The original inscription is in the Fethiye Museum and the name of Hekatomnos’ son Piksodaros can be read.
In the Roman period the temples of Letoon formed a complete entity, with a circular fountain monument built to the west of the temples. In addition, a nice perspective was achieved with the stoa that was built to the north in the Hellenistic era and was developed in the Roman period.
It is known that many festivals were staged in Letoon’s theatre, which was carved into the slopes of a hill. The architecture of the vaulted passages that were used to get to the seating area of the theatre is worth seeing. The fact that the theatre did not have a stage can be linked to the fact that sport activities were conducted on the flat area in front of the spectator galleries. As soon as you leave the eastern side of the theatre you see a Lycian tomb with a saddle roof. On the side of the tomb there is a horizontal figure that combined the local artistic styles of the Roman period.

The local-transport:
(Yerel ulaşım)
To get to what was the ancient capital city of the Lycian region, you take the turn to the left from Kınık off the Fethiye-Kaş road and keep going for one kilometre, bringing you to the ancient city of Pınara.

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